Lucerne is probably the most famous Swiss city. Surrounded by mountains and at the end of Lake Lucerne, the city is the starting point for numerous excursions.
The Lucerne cityscape is characterized by the covered, medieval Chapel Bridge, which, with its gable paintings, is one of the oldest covered wooden bridges in Europe. Another landmark of the city is the Musegg Wall, which has been preserved in its original fortified form with the exception of one tower.
Historic houses decorated with frescoes line picturesque squares in the car-free old town, such as the Weinmarkt. Lucerne is a city of squares and churches. The Jesuit Church from the 17th century is considered the first sacred baroque building in Switzerland and the two towers of the Hofkirche are an integral part of the cityscape. The dying lion, which was carved into the rock to commemorate the heroic death of the Swiss who fell in the Tuileries in 1792, is one of the most famous monuments in Switzerland.